INCI: Caviar Oil, Tocopherol (0.1%) Use Levels: 0.5% - 1.5%
Traditionally rare forms of caviar are derived from Beluga, Ossetra and Sevruga sturgeon that are caught in the Caspian Sea. Considered to be a luxury item that is typically reserved for special occasions, the desire for caviar has diminished the supply of Caspian Sturgeon. Since the early 1900s Canada and the United States were the largest suppliers of caviar, and supported the craving for this delicacy with Lake, Shortnose and Atlantic sturgeon caviar.
Caviar contains approximately 6% alpha tocopherol that when ingested or applied topically may provide photoprotective properties. A direct correlation has been made between the levels of free alpha-tocopherol in the skin and UV-B irradiation. Recent studies compared levels of alpha-tocopherol in skin following UV-B irradiation, results revealed that levels of alpha-tocopherol were increased in tissue that was irradiated compared to non-irradiated tissue which received the same dose of topically applied alpha tocopherol. The potent antioxidant properties of vitamin E may also protect cells from damaging free radicals.
When used in cosmetics and personal care ingredients caviar oil may function as a superior moisturizer that leaves the skin feeling soft and smooth. Caviar is also rich in triglycerides and phospholipids, including oleic, arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids, although the concentrations of fatty acids vary between farm raised and wild sturgeon oleic acid remains the dominant fatty acid present in aquacultured and wild type sturgeon. Additionally caviar is also rich in Omega – 3 and Omega – 6 essential fatty acids. A deficiency in Omega – 6 fatty acid may contribute to dermatitis while Omega – 3 fatty acids are believed to have anti-inflammatory properties.
FSS Caviar Oil is derived from aquacultured American Sturgeon, Acipenser transmontanus. The oil may provide superior moisturizing properties while the alpha-tocopherol may provide photoprotection and prevent oxidative damage. Adding FSS Caviar Oil to skin care products may convey a sense of luxury to consumers while also providing the health benefits of caviar.